Dry Skin on Dogs – What Causes it and Treatments

dry skin on dogsDry skin on dogs is irritating and can be such a nuisance to your dog. Dry or flaky skin is caused by various reasons. In most cases it makes your dog uncomfortable due to the constant itching and twitching. So what are the possible causes of dry skin on dogs?

1. Allergies

Allergies are the most common causes of dry or itchy skin on dogs. They are caused by a skin condition called dermatitis or due to consuming certain kinds of foods. Dermatitis is triggered off when dogs come into contact with substances or material that causes its skin to become raw or inflamed.

Allergies may again be caused by use of certain products on your dog such as perfumes, laundry detergents, shampoos or other typical chemicals at home. Food allergies results from your dog’s inability to digest certain foods. These extreme allergies make your dog’s skin to dry up and become flaky.

2. Lack of enough nutrients in your dog’s diet

Dogs require a significant amount of fatty acids in their diet so as to maintain a healthy skin. Lack of these fatty acids will cause the skin to dry out . Fish oil is a good source of omega-3 which is essential at combating dry skin on dogs.

Again avoid over heating your dog’s food. This is because high temperature makes these fatty acids to become inactive thus virtually rendering them useless.

3. Under-grooming

Dogs, like human beings, require regular grooming so as to remove the dead skin. This is most common with dogs that have a thick fur, long coats or a double coat. If not properly groomed, these dry skins will accumulate under the coat which will result into tons of dead flakes. These flakes are usually visible from the skin surface and the build-up of flakes results into a dry skin.

4. Bacterial and fungal infections

Bacterial and fungal infections are another cause of dry skin on dogs. Yeast infections for instance cause your dog’s skin to become dry, scaly and itchy. Oozing sores, red rashes and raw wounds can all be attributed to bacterial and fungal infection of dogs.

These skin infections can be easily diagnosed by veterinarians by taking skin scrapes. In most situations, these infections may be an indication of a much bigger problem therefore should be taken with seriousness. Other ailments such as ringworm can also cause these infections and what’s even more alarming is that they can be transferred to other animals or to human beings.

5. Dry climate

Dogs that live in dry climate areas are more prone to dry skins than those that live in wet climate areas. This can be attributed to the dry air. Forced indoor heating during cold seasons may likewise contribute to dry skin for your dog. It is therefore recommended to have a humidifier at your home so as to save your pet friend the struggle of having to deal with an itchy and dry skin.

Other causes of dry skin on dogs include:

1. Thyroid condition: – this refers to a certain skin condition that results from lack of essential hormones. Its characterized by dull and brittle coats, excessive shedding, weight gain and lethargy.

2. Your dog’s skin type: – Some dog breeds such as the Chinese Crested and Alaskan Malamutes are more prone to skin conditions that may cause their skins to dry out compared to other breeds.

3. Over exposure to water can likewise limit your dog’s natural ability to protect its skin with essential oils produced by the skin.

Symptoms of dry skin on dogs.

1. Dry, flaky skin

2. Inflammation of the skin

3. Hair loss

4. Diagnosis or apparent Eczema of skin

5. Occurrence of pimples

6. Lifeless or dull appearance of coat

7. Bad odor

How to treat dry skin in dogs

Determining the cause of the dry skin on dogs. will go a great way in curing and preventing such skin conditions. There are various treatment methods available to cure skin dryness in dogs. They involve both home remedies and drug prescriptions from the veterinary. Some of these remedies include: –

1. Use an Oatmeal conditioner.

Oatmeal conditioner is a standout among st the best skin items for dogs since oats contains properties that help to soothe and to reduce the itching of the skin. In case you cannot find an oatmeal conditioner, you can essentially make a home-made oatmeal paste and rub it all over your dog. Allow it to be absorbed for a few minutes then wash it off.

2. Salmon oil.

Salmon oil is an excellent source of Omega 3 which is an essential fatty acid required to maintain a healthy skin on dogs. Supplement your dog’s meal with 1 teaspoon of salmon oil.

Since this supplements take time before they can effectively support the skin, it is recommended that you start feeding your dog early enough before the winter season, so as to give the omega3 supplements enough time to become fully effective.

3. Tea Tree oil.

Tea Tree oil contains essential properties that help to kill fungi and bacteria that causes skin dryness on dogs.

4. Olive oil moisturizers.

After shampooing you dog with appropriate shampoos containing Oatmeal, it is recommended that you use a good moisturizing rinse to help relieve your dog’s skin. Olive oilmoisturizers are most used. Its moisturizing effect would help to enhance your dog’s skin and also stop the dryness in a matter of few days.

5. Stick to hypoallergenic foods.

If your dog is allergic to certain foods then offer him hypoallergenic foods or maintain a healthy diet prescribed to you by the veterinarian. Injections, supplements and other medications maybe administered for other forms of allergies.

6. Get antibiotics from the veterinary

There are available antibiotics to cure skin dryness in dogs and they are prescribed depending on the cause of the dryness. Off the counter medication is not recommended since you might be treating you dog for the wrong illness.

How to prevent dry skins on dogs

1. Put in place effective measure to control parasites by use of anti-parasitic shampoos and dips to get rid of parasites whose bites cause itchiness to your dig’s skin.

2. Observe regular grooming which involves washing and brushing your dog’s fur so as to prevent build-up of debris and dandruff under its coat.

3. Regularly take your dog for medical check-ups to guarantee its overall well being.

4. Always feed you dog with a balanced diet rich in essential supplements prescribed to you by the veterinary.