How to Get Rid of Fleas in Yard- Top 5
How to Get Rid of Fleas in Yard. It is the dream of every pet owner to see their compound clean and more so, out of flea infestation. Most yards with pets are prone to pest infestation and the most likely pest, in this case, is the fleas. Fleas are small wingless insects that are in the order Siphonaptera. It is an external parasite that lives mostly on animals with fur as well as on birds. They survive by sucking blood from their host (it’s a parasite, so depends on other animals for survival). There are over 1,830 different types of fleas in the world, and they commonly appear on dogs, cats, birds and also humans. To understand how to get rid of fleas in yard, it is essential to begin by studying the parasite.
History of fleas
It is believed that fleas have been in the world for over 50 million years ago because its remains were discovered in ancient amber. It is also articulated that fleas were once herbivores (feeding on plant materials) as they used to survive by feeding on tree sap and other decaying plant material. Creation biologist suggests that the fleas depended on plant proteins and after a little evolution it could not reach the roots for the sap, so it opted for animal protein.
Understanding the anatomy fleas
Fleas are small about 1.5 to 3.3 mm long, their bodies are small and flattened sideways enabling them to move through the small fur of the animal. They also have strong claws that enable them to attach themselves to the animal body to prevent it from dislodging. Their hind legs are large and strong to enable it to hop as it moves. Scientists believe that it is second best in terms of hoping relative to its body size after the frog hopper. The fleas are dark brown in color to blend in with the fur of the animals. They don’t have compound eyes like the other insect; instead, they have simple eye spots with biconcave lens.
How to get rid of fleas in yard
It is not possible to get rid of fleas in the compound as fleas’ lives anywhere; it might be in the couches, sofas, carpets or even the yard. In order to get rid of fleas in your house or your yard, there are several things you should understand and consider. First, you should understand the life cycle of the fleas. Like any other insect, the fleas undergo four stages of their life the egg, larva, pupa and adult depending on the environmental conditions. The optimal conditions for its thriving are around 80 degrees temperature and 70% humidity. To understand it better let’s look at the life cycle of the fleas.
Life cycle of fleas
Just as the chicken and egg story, it is hard to say which one came first, but for us, we will start with the egg for formality. At the beginning of a life cycle, the females lay eggs after feeding on the animal; blood is important for the adult flea to reproduce. The eggs are white in color and are small. The females lay about twenty of them on the animal’s body which then falls off for it to hatch. It may take 2 days to 2 weeks for them to hatch depending on the environmental conditions. Warm and dry temperature makes them hatch faster while cold and wet makes them hatch slower.
This is the next stage after the eggs have hatched; they are blind and will avoid any light. They survive by feed on flea dirt from the adults which it is from pre-digested blood. The larvae are about a quarter of an inch and are almost colorless and have no legs. They make up the largest percentage of the flea population in the yard. The larvae may take from 5 to 20 days depending on the condition to change into the next stage that is the pupa stage also known as the cocoon stage.
This is the last stage before it becomes an adult, and it counts up to 10% of the flea population. The cocoon is so tough that if the environmental conditions are not favorable, it can take up to a year for it to come out. So tough is the cocoon that it protects the adult from chemicals, it is also sticky to prevent it from being removed by light vacuuming and sweeping. The adult will not come out until favorable conditions are detected like carbon dioxide, heat and even vibrations from the surroundings.
This is the last phase of the cycle. After the conditions are favorable it emerges from the cocoon, and it requires feeding immediately, or it will die. After feeding, the adult starts to breed and will lay eggs to start a new cycle. The adults count only 5% of the flea populations. They spend the majority of their time on animal’s body.
Checking for flea infestation
It is important to check for flea infestation before administering control procedures, although it is almost obvious for flea infestation if you have a pet in the compound. To check, first, wear white socks and pull it up to the knee area, walk around the places that the pets hangs around and poke the shrubs around. If infested, the flea will be visible for it will attach itself on the socks from where you can determine how to get rid of fleas in yard.
Use of chemicals
Use appropriate pesticide to kill the fleas in the area. You can hire a professional to guide you on how to get rid of fleas in yard or if you choose to handle it yourself, wear protective gear such as masks and gloves. Follow the directions of the products as indicated and make sure you do it away from children and pets; they should not visit the area until the pesticide has dried up.
Flooding the yard
To kill the larvae and remove the eggs, you need to flood the infested yard with water since eggs and larvae will not survive.
Use of nematodes
This is the natural way of controlling the fleas. Nematodes are small worms that often feed on the fleas larvae. They don’t cause damage on the grass or trees. They should be sprayed on flea infected areas away from sunlight as they don’t tolerate too much heat.
Use of cedar chips
Fleas are repulsed by the scent of cedar; it is advisable to spread the chips around the compound as it will prevent its growth hence controlling it.
I could not continue without mentioning borax. This is what I use in my yard. Has never let me down, see more here – borax fleas in the yard.
As I last ditch effort to stop fleas from getting in the house without a host. I like to place mothballs every two foot or so all the way around the house. It will keep all kinds of creepy crawlers out whee the belong. Just dont try this if you have little ones.Also push them tight up against the house.
To conclude, if you are dealing with pet fleas and you want to stay free from this, you should consider the measures I have outlined above. You should also visit your veterinary regularly for further advice on how to get rid of fleas in yard as well as check-ups.